What is Just-In-Time System by Toyota?
In businesses today, claims on different products increase rapidly. Vast differences between companies allowed more products and a variety of choices for customers; however, for the companies themselves, it is not at all an easy task to control and manage the production process efficiently. Due to customer relationships and employee relations, productivity management might be difficult at times. With the Just-in-Time system by Toyota, things will no longer be as hard as it should be! Technological tools, signs, containers, and even space will determine and improve the production management and will reduce costs. Instead of wasting products that are produced without calculation and accuracy, Just-in-Time system will ensure product quality, safety, amount, and accuracy to maintain a steady performance or increase quality.
The main concept and focus is to make or produce products in a moderate amount not to waste a lot of them and instead, increase quality for all products. This system has its major characteristic, a unique one that makes management in productivity easier, convenient, and modern to supply the demands of all customers. With the Pull Method Material Flow, raw materials and their storage will no longer be a problem for businesses. The Pull Method Material Flow will control and manage the production process and limit resources to meet with needs or demands only in order to eliminate wastes and maintain a stable amount of costs and expenses. By working this way with the system, raw materials that are not needed will be eliminated completely; raw materials in stock will be processed considereately in terms of quality and time. Since time is money for all businesses, without a fast way to complete processes and fast progresses along with productivity, businesses will operate like humans without blood. Without blood, it is impossible to function. The Just-in-Time system drives to improve businesses with its main functions and appealing signs and symbols, with its plan to fast production process and create creativity within the workplace. This system encourages employees and workers to work cooperatively as a team; with positive results, businesses will increase wages and salaries where this will encourage good work, positive manners, ethical discussions and plans, as well as respectful thoughts and actions.
Its Main Objective
The system's main objective is to control and manage storage as well as the amount of products in stock. It focuses on controlling storage and stocks; with this system, raw materials will be reduced to the nearest zero. Since time runs without stopping, the system came up with a Zero Lead time concept which deals with the total period of time it takes for the production process to end (this means from the beginning to the end of the productivity line). Eliminating wastes is not just as easy as throwing trashes into the trashcan like we normally do. With the system, wastes and not-at-all needed materials will be thrown away when it is sure that they're not needed in the production process. The Just-in-Time system wants to eliminate mainly seven types of wastes which include: Overproduction, Waiting, Transportation, Processing itself, Stocks, Motion, and Making defect. Overproduction is the main cause of turnovers and the increase of wastes which will lead to rising expenses and costs for businesses. With the system's control and maintenance, overproduction will no longer be a term used in meetings, no more. Time is indeed an important factor for all businesses. Time works the same for everyone, that is, it never stops. Businesses have to strive to its fullest potential to finish up and produce high quality products on time to satisfy customers and improve further for successes. Transportation can be a major problem when it comes to distribution of products to other places. The system attempts to deal with transportation problems and control more of shipping rates and other fees involved to decrease and minimize expenses. Another thing the system wants to eliminate is a weak system. A weak system is generally a system without quality, without teamwork, and understanding. Having stocks is considered unhealthy for most businesses when it comes to updates and time. Since the market changes every time the world changes, it is important to keep things as less as possible to cope up with rapid changes in order to adapt and use time in a right way to aim for long-term benefits in the future. Motion and time in progress might also be a problem when it comes to numbers of orders all at the same time; however, with the Just-in-Time system, motion and time will be saved with the use of signs and symbols therefore time will not be wasted when one team wants to communicate with another. The system drives to produce best products with highest quality in order to compete with others and give the best to dading customers.
The Benefits and Importance to Businesses
The Just-in-Time system, as seen from businesses, raises product quality and its values. This way, wastes will be eliminated completely from the system. When products are sent to the next stations within the production system, the next team will monitor and review the products specifically to look for mistakes and defects. If there is any, changes will be made by the previous team before the products will go on to other stations. The system supplies products to claims quickly than before. Business performance and productivity improved greatly due to multitasking techniques and time that is saved when products are produced. Market planning and predictions will improve as the system continues within the business. With the system, like said before, employees and workers will have responsibility and will strive to their best to produce best products. They will compete against time and learn to help each other in times of difficulty and when problems are faced.
The Just-in-Time system is another efficient way businesses are encouraged to use in order to improve and develop a healthy environment for both business workers and customers. This way, looking at markets and making predictions will be easier and efficient.